Lancet Infect Dis. 2021 Mar; 21(3):354-365.
PubMed ID: 33508224
Biomarker-guided tuberculosis preventive therapy (CORTIS): A randomised controlled trial
Scriba TJ, Fiore-Gartland A, Penn-Nicholson A, Mulenga H, Mbandi SK, Borate B, Mendelsohn SC, Hadley K, Hikuam C, Kaskar M, Musvosvi M, Bilek N, Self S, Sumner T, White RG, Erasmus M, Jaxa L, Raphela R, Innes C, Brumskine W, Hiemstra A, Malherbe ST, Hassan-Moosa R, Tameris M, Walzl G, Naidoo K, Churchyard G, Hatherill M, and the CORTIS-01 Study Team
Two human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) (2F5 and 4E10) against the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope g41 cluster II membrane proximal external region (MPER) broadly neutralize HIV-1 primary isolates. However, these antibody specificities are rare, are not induced by Env immunization or HIV-1 infection, and are polyspecific and also react with lipids such as cardiolipin or phosphatidylserine. To probe MPER anti-gp41 antibodies that are produced in HIV-1 infection, we have made two novel murine MAbs, 5A9 and 13H11, against HIV-1 gp41 envelope that partially cross-blocked 2F5 MAb binding to Env but did not neutralize HIV-1 primary isolates or bind host lipids. Competitive inhibition assays using labeled 13H11 MAb and HIV-1-positive patient plasma samples demonstrated that cluster II 13H11-blocking plasma antibodies were made in 83% of chronically HIV-1 infected patients and were acquired between 5 to 10 weeks after acute HIV-1 infection. Both the mouse 13H11 MAb and the three prototypic cluster II human MAbs (98-6, 126-6, and 167-D) blocked 2F5 binding to gp41 epitopes to variable degrees; the combination of 98-6 and 13H11 completely blocked 2F5 binding. These data provide support for the hypothesis that in some patients, B cells make nonneutralizing cluster II antibodies that may mask or otherwise down-modulate B-cell responses to immunogenic regions of gp41 that could be recognized by B cells capable of producing antibodies like 2F5.
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